Welcome to Exbor Fish

Dedicated to researching, discussing,  understanding, collecting and enjoying just looking at Exbor Fish


This is a brand new website, due to be launched by the end of 2013 - over time I hope it will build to become the place to go for all things related to Exbor Fish


History

This is where a history of both Exbor Fish and the company that created them can be found. Please note that I have done no original research here - the information below has been gathered from other sources, and referenced as appropriate. If you have something to add or amend to the information you find here, I would be pleased to hear from you by clicking here

The fish themselves

“...The concept for this range was devised in 1958, when Rozinek and Honzik saw fish sculptures created by Vera Liskova for Moser that were to be included in the World Exposition in Brussels. Rozinek, a keen angler, was a leading glassmaker at Novy Bor, whilst Honzik was a notable cutter. Forms are typically lively, with cut details including mouths and fins. Early examples shown in Czechoslovak Glass Review in 1959 have unusual decoration including internal bubbles or mottling, or faceted bodies.

...Although produced earlier, the range was first properly promoted in Czechoslovak Glass Review in 1965. At that time, it comprised ten different fish, made in five sizes. Colours varied widely, and because each piece was hand-sculpted, precise forms also vary, although they do follow a defined form, each with its own name. Popular at the time with Japanese and British buyers, the range was highly successful commercially and remained in production for many years. Certain forms are still available from Egermann today.”

(Reproduced by kind permission from “Hi Sklo Lo Sklo – Post War Czech Glass Design From Masterpiece To Mass-Produced” by Mark Hill, www.markhillpublishing.com)

Glass making in the region

"Novy Bor is located in the north of the Czech Republic in Česká Lípa district...The Nový Bor region has a long history of glass production. In the course of 17th century, a great number of glassmakers and decorators worked in the region. There was an unprecedented expansion in the 18th and 19th centuries, when Moravian plants were originated; and, in addition to production, practically all foreign trade in Bohemian glass became concentrated in North Bohemia"

(From: http://www.crystalex.cz/en/section/42-history-of-glassmaking.html) 

Glass companies in Novy Bor

In 1444, a glassworks factory named Chribska was established. It is now the oldest continuously operating glassworks factory in central Europe. The golden period of glass production in the Novy Bor region was in the 18th and 19th centuries. It was at this time that Bohemian glass factories and artisans began exporting their work around the world.

  • 1945 decree of nationalization of large industrial companies.

  • 1948 the state-owned Borocrystal company was established. It brought together approximately 55 small glass-making companies and the state-owned company Umelecke sklo. Also in 1948, the Skloexport (Glassexport) company was established. This company was responsible for the exporting of Czech glass for more than 40 years.

  • 1974 the name Crystalex was introduced. The head office was located in Novy Bor. From there, factories in Novy Bor, Kamenicky Senov, Harrachov, Chribska, and the research department in Novy Bor were run. Glassworks Bohemia in Podebrady, glassworks Cesky kristal in Chlum u Trebone, glassworks Moser in Karlovy Vary and glassworks Moravske sklarny in Kvetna (which operated factories at Kvetna, Karolinka and Vrbno) were also operated at arms-length under the Crystalex umbrella.

  • 1989 the glassworks Moser moved out of the Crystalex umbrella.

  • 1990 the glassworks Bohemia in Podebrady moved out of the Crystalex umbrella. Later the same year, glassworks Sklo Bohemia – Svetla nad Sazavou emerged from glassworks Bohemia in Podebrady.

  • 1991 the glassworks Egermann-Exbor moved out of the Crystalex umbrella.

  • 1994 the company was converted to Crystalex a.s. (a publicly traded company), but the government retained all shares.

  • May 21st 1997 the Czech government decided to sell most of Crystalex shares to Porcela Plus a.s. Today, Crystalex a.s. runs the following glassworks: Novy Bor, Karolinka, Vrbno pod Pradedem."

(From http://www.hospitalitymarketplace.co.za/category/catering_equipment/wine_glasses/crystal-direct/history.html)

The relationship between Egermann & Exbor

After WWII the glass factories in the Novy Bor region were nationalised and unified to form Borocrystal; later the name was changed to Borskà sklo and in 1974 the Crystalex company was created. In the 1960's the "Egermann" trade mark emerges; it was used for red stained glass known as "Egermann style" pieces. This trade mark had nothing to do with the original Friedrich Egermann or his relatives. In 1960's Crystalex also estabilished a division for the production of art glass that used the trade mark  "Exbor", although still actually part of one factory - namely Crystalex.
In 1989-91 the Crystalex was divided to several parts and privatised. One privatised part was named "Egermann-Exbor" - still a state owned company which was was finally dissolved in 2010.  Alongside this (since 1995) there was another company named "Egermann s.r.o" and this is the company that still survives.

(My interpretation from various message board postings, particularly Jindrich from www.cs-sklo.cz)